The Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters ("the Convention") was developed jointly by the OECD and the Council of Europe in 1988 and amended by Protocol in 2010. The Convention is the most comprehensive multilateral instrument available for all forms of tax co-operation to tackle tax evasion and avoidance, a top priority for all countries.
The Convention was amended to respond to the call of the G20 at its 2009 London Summit to align it to the international standard on exchange of information on request and to open it to all countries, in particular to ensure that developing countries could benefit from the new more transparent environment. The amended Convention was opened for signature on 1 June 2011.
Since 2009, the G20 has consistently encouraged countries to sign the Convention including most recently at the G20 summit in Buenos Aires in 2018 where the communique stated "All jurisdictions should sign and ratify the multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters."
126 jurisdictions currently participate in the Convention, including 17 jurisdictions covered by territorial extension*. This represents a wide range of countries including all G20 countries, all BRIICS, all OECD countries, major financial centres and an increasing number of developing countries.
*In May 2018, the People's Republic of China extended the territorial scope of the Convention to the Hong Kong and Macau Special Administrative Regions pursuant to Article 29. As such, The Convention entered into force for both Hong Kong (China) and Macau (China) on 1 September 2018.
The amended Convention facilitates international co-operation for a better operation of national tax laws, while respecting the fundamental rights of taxpayers. The amended Convention provides for all possible forms of administrative co-operation between states in the assessment and collection of taxes, in particular with a view to combating tax avoidance and evasion. This co-operation ranges from exchange of information, including automatic exchanges, to the recovery of foreign tax claims. For more information on the amended Convention see the flyer (also available in Spanish) which provides a brief overview on the Convention. The amended Convention is also available in French, Spanish (unofficial translation) and Portuguese (unofficial translation).